• Social Poetry

    Social poetry is a literary genre from post-war Spain aimed at the public at large and defined by its social commitment.

  • Estampa Popular

    The Irruption of Anti-Franco Reality in Art

    On 28 June 2016 in the Museo Reina Sofía's room entitled Estampa Popular. The Irruption of Anti-Franco Reality in Art. It captures a conversation between different artists belonging to Estampa Popular groups from Madrid and was moderated by Noemí de Haro García, a researcher and lecturer at the Autonomous University of Madrid.  

  • The Asturian Strike

    In 1962, a wave of strikes swept through Spain, starting from the Asturian mines and spreading into 28 provinces. The impact of these clashes not only extended as far as the government.

  • Repression and the Underground

    During the years of Francoism, and despite the apparent aperturismo, or “opening out”, experienced in the country, culture was subjected to censorship control.

  • Pieces in the Collection

    The collection of works by the Estampa Popular group in the holdings of the Museo originate from 1960, when a set of prints made by the Madrid Estampa Popular became part of the old Museo de Arte Contemporáneo.

  • Film and Music

    Film and music became key artistic expressions to counter the social and cultural patterns imposed by Francoism.  

  • Video Interview

    Women Pop Artists in the Collection

    This video was recorded on 4 February 2020 in the rooms and Auditorium 200 of Museo Reina Sofía. It gathers interviews and a conversation between a number of women artists who started their practices in the late 1960s and early 1970s, a time in which feminist protests were being reactivated.

  • Women Pop Artists in the Collection

    In recent years, one of the Museo Reina Sofía's primary goals has been to augment its holdings with works by women artists, thereby addressing the gaps that exist in the Collection.

  • Pop Art and Political Geography

    Spain’s Context

    Beyond the often quoted British and North American oeuvre, Pop Art was a movement of a global nature that took on particular features in correspondence with the specificities of the political areas in which it was produced.

  • Emancipation Under Guardianship

    After the Civil War, Spanish women underwent a “return to order”. All were subjected to gender-based reprisals, regardless of ideology.

  • Stereotypes of Women

    Spain in the 1960s and 1970s

    By dint of laws, regulations, education models and the Sección Femenina — the Women’s Section — Francoism drove a demure and obedient female stereotype, banishing women from the public sphere and returning them to their only authorised spaces: home and family.

  • Free Women and AMA


    Mujeres Libres, or Free Women, was an organisation founded in 1936, largely by anarchist women workers who defended anti-fascism and social revolution. The Association of Anti-fascist Women (AMA) was the largest women’s organisation during the Civil War, with members estimated to total around 65,000.