Naturaleza muerta (Still Life)

Salvador Dalí

Figueras, Girona, Spain, 1904 - 1989

This Naturaleza muerta (Still Life) is particularly significant for a number of reasons, among them, the fact that it was part of the renowned Exhibition of the Society of Iberian Artists of May and June 1925 at the Exhibitions Palace of the Retiro in Madrid. But the most outstanding reason is that the painting was a gift from Salvador Dalí to Federico García Lorca, who kept it with him until his death. Proof of this is a famous photograph in which Lorca is in his room at the Student Residence, seated in front of the picture, which is hanging on the wall.
Naturaleza muerta, commonly known as Sifón y botella de ron (Siphon and Bottle of Rum), is one of the works which shows most clearly the influence that the various European art movements had on Dalí’s early work, before the artist found his mature style in the context of Surrealism. In this particular case, coexistent within the painting are lessons learnt from Cubism and from Italian Metaphysics, which Dalí and Lorca had access to through the magazine Valori Plastici, regularly read by both while at the Residencia de Estudiantes.

Paloma Esteban Leal